The U.S. Transportation Department (DOT) released its Federal Automated Vehicle Policy Tuesday, detailing safety and regulatory requirements for testing and implementing self-driving technology.

The much-anticipated policy uses a 15-point safety assessment to set expectations for autonomous vehicle researchers and manufacturers. The assessment asks automakers to opt-in to data sharing when testing and evaluating self-driving cars.

“During track and road testing, actual hardware must be validated—that’s a lot of ground to cover. Data sharing is an important element,” said Chris Gerdes, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration chief innovation officer. “We believe this is the first step in a long process to get autonomous vehicles on the road. We want to engage the research community to move forward.”

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